Nestled in the eastern Pyrenees between France and Spain, Andorra is a small, landlocked principality known for its stunning mountainous landscapes and a unique political structure. Historically, Andorra’s origins date back to a charter granted by Charlemagne in 805, establishing a feudal system with shared suzerainty between the Count of Urgell and the Bishop of Urgell. Over the centuries, this co-principality endured various territorial disputes until a paréage (co-sovereignty) agreement in 1278 solidified the roles of France and the Bishop of Urgell as co-princes, a tradition that persists today with the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell serving as the ceremonial heads of state. Despite its medieval origins, Andorra maintained relative isolation and underdevelopment until the 20th century. Modernization efforts began in the 20th century, with tourism emerging as a vital economic sector. In 1993, Andorra’s constitution was ratified, transforming the country into a parliamentary co-principality with a unique system where the co-princes are not the heads of state but ceremonial figures. Andorra has since seen significant economic growth, driven by its status as a tax haven and a popular destination for winter sports enthusiasts. While the principality is not a European Union member, it uses the euro as its official currency. Andorra’s history is intertwined with its ability to balance tradition and modernity, as it preserves its cultural heritage while embracing the opportunities and challenges of the contemporary world.