Virginia Geography, History, Culture and Flag


Virginia is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.C., to the north; West Virginia to the west; North Carolina and Tennessee to the south; and Kentucky to the southwest. The state has an area of 42,769 square miles, making it the 35th largest state in terms of size. The state’s geography includes a variety of physiographic regions, including coastal plains, piedmonts, valleys and mountains. The Coastal Plain region is located along Virginia’s eastern shoreline. This region is characterized by lowland marshes and flat terrain that gradually rises toward the Appalachian Mountains in the west. The Piedmont region is located between two major mountain ranges: Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and Appalachian Mountains to the west. This region has rolling hills that are divided into four distinct sub-regions: Northern Piedmont, Central Piedmont, Southern Piedmont, and Southwestern Piedmont. The Valley & Ridge regions are located between two mountain ranges: Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and Appalachian Mountains to the west. This region includes several small mountain ranges between these two larger mountain ranges as well as several large river valleys such as Shenandoah Valley, James River Valley, Roanoke River Valley, Holston River Valley and New River Valley. Finally, in southwestern Virginia lies a small portion of Cumberland Plateau which forms part of a larger plateau system found throughout much of Appalachia – this area also contains some of Virginia’s highest elevation points such as Mount Rogers (5709 ft) and Whitetop Mountain (5520 ft). Check plus-size-tips for climate in Chesapeake, Virginia.


Virginia has been an important part of American history since the 1600s when English settlers first arrived at Jamestown. The state became the 10th state to join the Union in 1788 and was a key player in both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War. During this time, Virginia was home to many of America’s Founding Fathers including Thomas Jefferson, George Washington and James Madison. After the Revolutionary War, Virginia was one of the leaders in establishing new laws and regulations for governing states. It also played a major role in shaping early American culture through its music, art, literature, cuisine and architecture. In 1861, Virginia seceded from the Union to become part of the Confederate States of America; however, it rejoined the Union after General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House in 1865. Following Reconstruction, Virginia experienced significant economic growth due to its tobacco industry and increasing numbers of manufacturing plants. This helped it become an important center for politics and business during the 20th century. Today, Virginia is known for its diverse population, vibrant culture and rich history that continues to shape its future.


Virginia is a state of many different cultures, with influences from the colonial period, the Civil War, and more modern times. Virginia’s culture is one of tradition and pride. While it has its roots in the English settlers of colonial times, it has evolved over time to include many other cultural influences. One example is the diverse music scene in Virginia, which includes everything from bluegrass to hip-hop. There are also numerous festivals throughout the year that celebrate different aspects of Virginia’s culture, such as food, music and art. Additionally, there are many historic sites in Virginia that provide insight into the state’s past and its various cultures. Finally, one cannot forget about the unique cuisine found throughout Virginia; from seafood dishes to barbecue recipes to southern favorites like grits and hush puppies. All of these elements combine to create a unique cultural experience for those who visit or live in Virginia.

State Flag

The Virginia state flag is a deep blue banner with the state seal in the center. The seal is encircled by a thin white border, and the words “Virginia” and “Sic Semper Tyrannis” appear in gold. The state seal features a female figure, often referred to as “Virtus,” dressed in armor and holding a spear in her right hand and a sword in her left. At her feet lies a vanquished tyrant, symbolizing the victory of freedom over oppression. Behind Virtus is an upright sword and two horizontal staffs representing civil power under the law. Above Virtus is an azure sky with two golden bars to represent Virginia’s loyalty to the United States of America. The Latin motto, “Sic Semper Tyrannis,” translates to “Thus Always to Tyrants.” This phrase honors Patrick Henry’s famous speech given at St. John’s Church in Richmond on March 23, 1775, when he said “I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” The phrase became widely associated with Virginia’s commitment to freedom from tyranny during the Revolutionary War period.

Virginia Flag