Somalia: Various travel information
How do you get to Somalia?
Daallo Airlines is currently the only international airline that flies to Somalia. The planes (Ilyushin-18) run two to three times a week from Djibouti. International connections are also provided by the Somali airline Jubba Airways. These connections are also flown with Ilyushins-18 and go between Mogadishu and Dubai and Jeddah (Saudi Arabia). Both Daallo Airlines and Jubba Airways land and take off from Aaden Cabdulle Cismaan International Airport near Mogadishu, which reopened in 2006.
The country’s main shipping ports are Mogadishu, Kismayo, Berbera, Boosaaso and Marka. Entry by ship is not possible or recommended, because the waters outside Somalia are very dangerous due to piracy and ship hijacking, especially in the Gulf of Aden.
Car and bus traffic
There are connecting roads from Somalia to Djibouti and Kenya. Likewise to Ethiopia, but the border crossings are currently closed, so neither cars nor buses can enter. We would like to point out once again not to enter Somalia by car – even if the borders should be open again.
Travel in the country
Air connections Domestic air connections exist between all major cities in the country such as Mogadishu, Galkayo, Hargeisa and Sharjah. These routes are flown by the Somali airline Jubba Airways, which uses Ilyushins-18 for this.
There are no navigable waterways in Somalia. However, passenger ships operate along the coast of the country.
There is no railroad network in Somalia.
Buses and Taxis
Buses and taxis are the only means of transport for local people. Although there is something like a national bus network, passengers are mostly transported by truck.
Somalia has a total of around 2,600 km of paved roads. The main highways lead from Mogadishu to Burao, Baidoa, Kismayo and Hargeisa. Road conditions are generally less good, so four-wheel drive vehicles are recommended. The only traffic rule that still exists after about 20 years without central government: Somalis drive on the right-hand side or in the middle of the road.
It is important to note that, due to the high risk of terrorism, it is not recommended to drive your own car through Somalia. If you still have to drive your car, you should keep the doors locked from the inside from the start of the journey to the end of the journey. Particular caution is required at red lights, because there the risk of being mugged or attacked is particularly high. If necessary, you shouldn’t even stop at red lights. Under no circumstances should you take hitchhikers with you!
International license plate
According to Abbreviationfinder, the international license plate of Somalia is:
Local currency, foreign exchange regulations
The local currency is the Somalia Shilling (SOS)
- Importing and exporting the local currencyThe import and export of the local currency is limited to 200 SOS.
- Import and export of foreign currenciesThe import of foreign currencies is unlimited, but must be declared. The amount must be exchanged at the official bank within five days and receipts should be kept. The export is limited to the declared amount.
Goods and Customs Regulations
The following articles may be imported into Somalia duty-free:
400 cigarettes or 40 cigars or 400 g tobacco
1 bottle of wine or spirits
perfume for personal use.
Travel medicine and vaccinations
In Somalia, the following infectious diseases, which are not or less common in Germany or Central and Northern Europe, are to be expected:
- Malaria: There is a high risk of malaria in the country year round. About 80% to 90% of the infections occur with the very dangerous malaria tropica, the rest with malaria tertiana.
- Amoebic dysentery
- Bacterial agitation
- Schistosomiasis – especially in the Maharashtra area
- Cholera – but there is only a risk of infection for travelers who come into contact with polluted water or contaminated food.
- Dengue fever disease
- Intestinal infections from contaminated food or water, including amoeba, lamblia, salmonella, shigella, worm infestation and all kinds of viruses and bacteria
- Yellow fever – incidence nationwide
- Hepatitis A and B
- Kala Azar disease
- Leishmaniasis Disease
- Meningococcal meningitis
- Polio, polio
- Typhoid – however, there is only a risk of infection for travelers who come into contact with polluted water or contaminated food.
- Tick bite fever
- Cholera – but only among travelers who can come into contact with polluted water or contaminated food.
- Diphtheria – a vaccination against diphtheria should always exist, also in the home country.
- Yellow fever – absolutely !!
- Hepatitis A and B
- Polio, polio – vaccination against polio should always exist, also in the home country.
- Meningococcal meningitis
- Tetanus – a vaccination against tetanus should always exist, also in the home country.
- Rabies – but only for high-risk travelers who can come into contact with the vector animals.
- Typhoid – but only for travelers who can come into contact with polluted water or contaminated food.
A valid yellow fever vaccination must be proven on entry.
When traveling in the country, it is strongly advised to undergo malaria prophylaxis. However, if the side effects seem questionable to you, you should at least have a “stand-by preparation” with you.
In Somalia and also in the capital Mogadishu, there are repeated attacks and armed conflicts with Al-Shabaab terrorists, which often leave numerous injuries and deaths. These attacks are particularly targeted at security forces and government institutions, but also hotels, markets and other public institutions. Anyone staying in Somalia must be aware of the dangers posed by terrorist attacks, combat operations, piracy and criminally motivated acts of violence. In the event of an emergency (health, crime or war-related), functioning government agencies that could provide assistance are largely lacking. As there is no German diplomatic mission in Somalia, local consular protection is not possible.
You can obtain the latest safety information from the Federal Foreign Office
Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany
Tel: 0049 – (0) 30 – 5000 – 2000
Fax: 0049 – (0) 30 – 5000 – 51000
Somalia: Diplomatic missions
Visit Countryaah for a full list of Somalia embassies and consulates in each country around the world.
Representation of Somalia in Germany
Embassy in Berlin
Tel.: 0049 – (0) 30 – 236 30010
Representation of Germany in Somalia
The embassy in Nairobi/Kenya is responsible:
Embassy in Nairobi
PO Box 30180
Ludwig Krapf House
Riverside Drive 113
Tel.: 00254 – 20 426 21 00/20 445 17 02
Austrian representation in Somalia
The Federal Republic of Austria has no representation in Somalia. Responsible is:
Embassy in Kenya
2nd floor, City House, Corner Wabera Street/Standard Street
Tel: 00254 – (0) 20 – 319 076/077/078
Die The Austrian embassy in Kenya is still responsible for:
- Congo (Democratic Republic)
Representation of Somalia in Austria
The Somalia embassy in Austria is currently closed.
Swiss representation in Somalia
Switzerland has no representation in Somalia. Is responsible
Embassy in Kenya
International House, 7th floor, Mama Ngina Street
Tel: 00254 – (0) 20 – 222 8735
The Swiss Embassy in Kenya is still responsible for: