The Nobel Prize since its establishment in 1900, has been awarded to 876 personalities from the 5 award segments: physics, medicine, literature, chemistry, economics, and peace efforts. And in this selection are the 10 countries with the most Nobel Prizes. The history of this award is magnificent, and is termed the most important in the world. Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, 1833-1896, was the dynamite inventor and detonator, and the creator of this award held annually in Sweden. The transistor radio, plastic, computer, penicillin, hard disk and digital camera are inventions resulting from the work of Nobel laureates. Renowned ones include Nelson Mandela, Theodore Roosevelt, Martin Luther King Jr., Mother Teresa of Calcutta, and Barack Obama. To date, there are no Brazilian nationality winners, while Portugal has 4 and Argentina 5 winners. Source: smartercomputing.org
10. ITALY – 20 NOBEL LAUREATES
Italy has 20 Nobel laureates, and is tenth in the top 10 Nobel laureates. The highlight is Grazia Deledda, 1871-1936, and she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926. The Italian writings with an island setting in Sardinia are permeated by a feeling of sin and the fatality of life; being present pain, death and love. Throughout Brazil, they are available in editions of the works Caniços ao Vento, 1913, and Cosima, 1937, a posthumous book that adds his memories.
9. CANADA – 23 NOBEL LAUREATES
Canada is ranked ninth in the selection of the top 10 Nobel Prize countries with 23 laureates. The highlight is Canadian physicist Richard Edward Taylor, who received the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. The award went for pioneering research on the inelastic scattering of electrons on protons, and on neutron bonds, which were instrumental in developing the model of the electrons. quarks in particle physics.
8. JAPAN – 25 NOBEL LAUREATES
Japan has 25 Nobel laureates, notably the 1968 Nobel Prize for Literature at the Yasunari Kawabata, being the first in this country to receive.
7. SWITZERLAND – 26 NOBEL LAUREATES
Switzerland has 26 Nobel laureates. Élie Ducommun was a Swiss journalist and pacifist, and received the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize. He was born in Geneva, and worked as a tutor, journalist, translator for the Swiss Federal Chancellery, and a language teacher. Élie helped found the Peace and Freedom League in 1867. He was the second person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, which began in 1901.
6. RUSSIA – 27 NOBEL LAUREATES
Russia is in sixth place in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel Prizes, as it has 27 laureates. The highlight is Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov, Russian physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 for his essential work in the field of quantum electronics leading to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser and laser principle.
5. SWEDEN – 31 NOBEL LAUREATES
Sweden have 31 Nobel laureates, and are fifth in the national team. Allvar Gullstrand was a Swedish ophthalmologist who was awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering the intracapsular mechanisms by which visual accommodation is processed.
4. FRANCE – 67 NOBEL LAUREATES
France has 67 Nobel laureates and is fourth in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel Prizes. And René Samuel Cassin, a French jurist, received the 1968 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. And that same year, René was also awarded a UN Human Rights Awards themselves. He founded the French Institute of Administrative Sciences, IFSA, which was recognized as a public utility association.
3. GERMANY – 105 NOBEL LAUREATES
Germany has 105 Nobel laureates in all. And Gerhard Ertl, a German physicist, was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. From 1955 to 1957 he studied at the University of Stuttgart, from 1957 to 1958 at the University of Paris and from 1958 to 1959 he attended the University of Munich. Gerhard completed the Diploma in Physics, the same as Master’s degree, at the Technical University of Stuttgart in 1961. In 1965, he earned a doctorate at the Technical University of Munich.
2. UNITED KINGDOM – 120 NOBEL LAUREATES
The United Kingdom has 120 Nobel laureates, being second in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel Prizes. And the highlight is Peter Mansfield, British physicist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2003, along with US Paul Lauterbur, for his fundamental discoveries about the use of magnetic resonance imaging.
1. UNITED STATES – 355 NOBEL LAUREATES
The United States has 338 Nobel laureates, and is a leader in the selection of the 10 most Nobel laureates. The highlight is David Jeffrey Wineland, US physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2012 with Serge Haroche for innovative experimental methods that enable the measurement and manipulation of individual quantum systems. And among the many awards David has received are 2004 Frederic Ives Medal, Herbert Walther OSA Award 2009, and National Medal of Science 2007. Practically every year there is a North American winner in any of the 5 Nobel Prize categories. This is repeated since 1943.