Climate in Brussels, Belgium

Brussels, the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union, is located in the central part of the country. It is known for its historic architecture, vibrant cultural scene, and diverse population. Brussels experiences a temperate maritime climate influenced by its proximity to the North Sea, resulting in mild temperatures, moderate rainfall, and distinct seasons. To provide a comprehensive description of Brussels’ climate, it’s essential to examine various aspects, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and seasonal variations.

Geographical Location:

According to andyeducation, Brussels is situated in the central part of Belgium, approximately 50 kilometers (31 miles) from the North Sea coast. The city’s elevation is relatively low, with most of Brussels being at an altitude of about 50 meters (164 feet) above sea level.

Seasonal Overview:

Brussels experiences four distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter. Each season brings its own weather patterns and contributes to the city’s overall climate.

Spring (March to May):

Spring in Brussels is marked by a transition from winter to milder and more comfortable weather. March marks the beginning of spring, with average high temperatures ranging from 10°C to 13°C (50°F to 55°F). Nights can still be quite chilly, often dropping to near freezing.

As spring progresses into April and May, temperatures continue to rise, and the city experiences milder and more pleasant weather. Average high temperatures range from 14°C to 19°C (57°F to 66°F) in April and 18°C to 22°C (64°F to 72°F) in May. Spring is relatively dry, with occasional rainfall and increasing sunshine, making it a pleasant time for outdoor activities and enjoying the city’s parks and green spaces.

Summer (June to August):

Summer in Brussels is characterized by mild and comfortable weather, with an increase in temperature and daylight hours. June marks the beginning of summer, with average high temperatures ranging from 20°C to 22°C (68°F to 72°F). As the summer progresses, temperatures continue to rise, and July and August are the warmest months, with average high temperatures often exceeding 23°C (73°F).

During the summer months, Brussels experiences moderate humidity levels, and rainfall is relatively evenly distributed throughout the season. While summers in Brussels are generally mild compared to some other European cities, they are warm enough to enjoy outdoor activities, and the city’s parks and outdoor cafes are bustling with locals and tourists.

Autumn (September to November):

Autumn in Brussels is marked by a gradual decrease in temperatures and the transition from summer to cooler weather. September begins with average high temperatures ranging from 20°C to 22°C (68°F to 72°F), still carrying some of the summer warmth.

As autumn progresses into October and November, temperatures decrease further, and the city experiences cooler and crisp weather. Average high temperatures range from 16°C to 12°C (61°F to 54°F) in October and 11°C to 6°C (52°F to 43°F) in November. Nights become significantly cooler, often dropping to single digits.

Autumn is a season of change, with colorful foliage in the city’s parks and an increase in rainfall. While the weather becomes cooler, autumn can still be a pleasant time to explore the city’s historic neighborhoods, cultural attractions, and enjoy seasonal festivals.

Winter (December to February):

According to existingcountries, winter in Brussels is characterized by cold and often cloudy weather, with temperatures dropping significantly. December marks the start of winter, with average high temperatures ranging from 5°C to 7°C (41°F to 45°F). January is the coldest month, with average high temperatures between 4°C and 6°C (39°F to 43°F). Nights during the winter months can be cold, often dropping to near freezing or below.

While Brussels experiences cold winters, it is not as severe as some other European cities. The city typically receives moderate snowfall, with occasional snow cover during the winter months. Snowfall can vary from year to year, with some winters being snowier than others.


Brussels receives a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year, with rainfall relatively evenly distributed across the seasons. The annual average rainfall in Brussels is approximately 850 millimeters (33 inches). Rainfall can occur in the form of light drizzle, steady rain, or occasional heavy showers.

During the winter months, the city may experience sleet or snowfall, particularly in January and February. Snow cover is usually temporary, and the city’s infrastructure is well-prepared for winter weather.

Humidity and Wind:

Humidity levels in Brussels vary with the seasons. Summers tend to be less humid, with more comfortable humidity levels. Winters can bring higher humidity levels, particularly during and after rainfall or snowfall events.

Winds in Brussels are generally light to moderate, with no prevailing strong winds. The city’s geographical location and relatively flat terrain do not typically lead to extreme wind conditions.

Climate Variability and Extreme Weather Events:

Brussels is not prone to extreme weather events like hurricanes, tornadoes, or significant flooding. While the city experiences cold winters, they are generally manageable for residents and visitors. The city is well-prepared for winter weather, with efficient snow removal and heating systems in place.


In summary, Brussels, Belgium, experiences a temperate maritime climate with four distinct seasons. Summers are mild and comfortable, with moderate humidity, while winters are cold and often cloudy. Spring and autumn provide transitional periods with milder temperatures and changing landscapes. Brussels’ climate offers a diverse range of experiences throughout the year, making it an attractive destination for tourists interested in history, culture, and seasonal festivities.