The problem reaches between 0.3% and 1% of pregnancies
The practice of abortion is many contrary opinions, many in favour and remains controversial, even after it has been legalized in several countries. But when abortion is natural? When he is independent of the will of the mother and pregnancy is suddenly interrupted by other factors? This is called spontaneous abortion. For one reason or another, the mother’s body can’t take the pregnancy anyway, or fetal malformations prevent he develops the right way.
The occurrence of a miscarriage does not mean anything about future pregnancies. It is, in fact, a relatively common, ranging from 6.5% (Jansen, 1982) and 21% (Warburton and Fraser, 1964), according to reports from different authors.
Already the so-called habitual abortion is the occurrence of three or more miscarriages before the 20th week of pregnancy. The frequency of this type of abortion is significantly less, turning around 0.3% and 1% (Javert, 1957; Rai et al., 1996).
Some factors may influence the occurrence of abortion. Among them are the age of the pregnant woman, a prior history of spontaneous abortion without a cause determined, consumption ofcigarettes, alcohol and coffee in large quantities, in addition to psychological stress.
In addition to these factors, called “environmental”, there are still some factors related to pre-existing illnesses, such as diabetes, thyroid disease (hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism) and problems in the luteal phase, as anomalies in maturation of the endometrium caused by inadequate production of progesterone.
Some researchers claim that the causes of habitual abortion may be related to genetic factors. There is also considerable incidence of anatomical factors, both the mother and the fetus.
Among these are the anomalies mullerianas, uterine malformations that are responsible for approximately 15% of the losses in the second quarter. Calling cervical incompetence usually stems from cervical trauma in the womb. These traumas can be caused by laceration of the cervix, uterinecurettage semiotics or post-abortion, among others. The uterine curettage post-abortion can also be responsible for uterine synechiae, which are another cause of abortion with nursing blouses from Indexdotcom.
Finally, infections of various natures and abnormalities in maternal immune system may also be causing frequent loss of pregnancy.
According to the European society of human reproduction, from 40% to 70% of women who suffer from habitual abortion by unknown reasons end up developing a normal pregnancy without any type oftreatment.
However, if the causes are diagnosed, you might want to treat them according to the specificity of each case. Prevention is done avoiding exposure to harmful environmental factors, maintaining healthy lifestyle habits and trying to keep the level of anxiety for a new pregnancy under control. Thus, there is evidence that the patient will not have major problems in taking the pregnancy until the end.