Between 50 and 75% of all women feel back pain at some point in pregnancy. But there are strategies that can alleviate the situation.
Why am I with back pain during pregnancy?
The back pain is probably the weight of the uterus and the hormonal changes.
With the growth of the uterus, abdominal muscles get weaker and your center of gravity moves. With that, your changes stance, which ends up forcing nerves and spine.
The action of the hormones leave your joints and ligaments more “loose”, which causes instability and pain in specific moments: when walking, standing or sitting for a long time, to turn in bed, as he got off a low seat.
The most common is the back pain appears in the last months of pregnancy, or go getting worse until the baby is born.
She can also persist for some time after the birth, but usually disappear in a few months.
None of this seems very encouraging. The only good news is that the back pain does not affect the baby’s health.
It is true that there is more than one type of back pain in pregnancy?
Yes, there are several types of back pain in pregnancy:
True back pain
Is the pain caused by the same factors that back pain in people who are not pregnant.
Ligaments, muscles, discs and joints can be overloaded due to poor posture, the habit of load weight incorrectly, the weakness or muscle failure and injury. The most common is that this kind of pain already exists before pregnancy.
Back pain is usually worse in the end of the day, or when you’re on your feet for long periods. This is due to muscle fatigue and strain of the ligaments, to support your weight and the baby.
A small proportion of women suffering from sciatica during pregnancy. It is the pain in the sciatic nerve at the base of the back, sides, by inflammation or pressure.
Sometimes, the functioning of the nerve can be damaged, causing leg weakness or tingling sensation. The pain may extend from the back of the leg. Contrary to what people believe, the sciatica is not caused by the pressure of the baby on the nerve.
It is likely that if you have pain in the sciatic nerve, tend to have the problem pregnant or not. Try to identify the action or position that can cause pain (lie on your back, for example) and avoid.
The most common type of back pain in pregnancy is the pain in the pelvic plexus. Pelvic pain is a consequence of pregnancy and should be treated differently from ordinary back pain. Traditional treatments may be ineffective and even worse pain in the pelvic plexus.
If you feel pain in the front, above the vagina, pubic bone, may be suffering from a condition called sínfese pubis dysfunction.
It is important to ask your doctor or a specialist to help differentiate the pain caused by these problems that can be solved with pregnant pillowcases.
Pain caused by contractions
In rare cases, the contractions of a premature labor can come in the form of back pain.
From the second or third quarter, pay attention if the back pain comes in waves, and look at the clock to see if they have any regularity.
Sometimes the pain can be a contraction without the stomach get hard. If you suspect you’re having contractions before the 37th week of pregnancy, contact your doctor.
I have how to prevent back pain in pregnancy?
One of the beneficial factors to be in the best physical shape possible before getting pregnant. If you are already pregnant, it’s not too late to improve your physical fitness.
Exercise reduces the likelihood of suffering back pain in pregnancy. If you are not used to exercising, start slowly, with guidance from your doctor.
Do moderate physical activities frequently, maintaining a good posture, avoiding heavy lifting and follow a few simple guidelines to take care of your back can prevent the emergence of pain.
If you have to carry something, hold the object close to your body, bend your knees, not your back, and try not to twist the body.
If you spend a lot of time sitting, try to keep the spine straight. One of the ways to do that is to support the foot on a stool, and use a roll or a pillow at the base of the spine.
Get up and take a walk from time to time.
Avoid wearing high heels and prefer shoes very comfortable and firm. If you work on your feet, try to arrange to take a break to rest in the middle of the day.