Asthma Can Be Even More Severe During Pregnancy

Know the risks the disease can present to the pregnant woman and the fetus

During pregnancy, any type of pre-existing disease in the mother can cause complications or have extended effect, especially respiratory problems. The shortness of breath caused by asthma, for example, can be even higher during the natural process of gestation.

The asthma is characterized as a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the nasal passages and the respiratory system. This is a pathology related to genetic and environmental factors manifested in the form of bouts of shortness of breath, time when hyper production of mucus in the Airways and bronchoconstriction, which is the contraction of the smooth muscle of the Airways, which decreases your diameter.

When you’re expecting a baby, the female body undergoes “mutations”, as the increase in the size of the abdomen, high production of hormones, among other conditions, which alone are able to hinder the movement of air in the lungs. The problem is that the woman who has asthma can have this difficulty increased twice in case of a crisis.

Have asthma attacks during the nine months of pregnancy can, in addition to causing respiratory restriction hinder gas exchange that interfere so much in the body of the mother and the fetus. “The poorly controlled asthma may be associated to a higher risk of pre-eclampsia, prematurity, growth retardation and hypoxia, as well as increase the risk of perinatal mortality,” says the Hospital Santa Cruz gynecologist Dr. Eddy Nishimura.

The fact of the pregnant having asthma does not necessarily mean that the problems caused by the disease are going to happen. “In some cases, asthma can improve or remain unchanged. According to studies, patients don’t pregnant women that have lighter crises to become pregnant, may have an unexpected improvement of the disease, “he says.

But, in any case, it is best to avoid asthma attacks in order to improve fetal oxygenation. Check for maternity underwear. To achieve this, the mother must undergo a medical treatment with a professional who can indicate drugs safe for the fetus. In addition, monthly clinical evaluations are necessary, made by a pulmonologist with lung tests for measuring the respiratory capacity of pregnant.

With treatment, there will be control of the respiratory function of the mother, which provides welfare to the fetus and ensures your good development and allows the mother to keep your routine activities.”In addition to the preventive measures, care should include the medical follow-up, which will rank in that degree of severity the patient including to indicate most recommended therapy,” advises Dr. Eddy Nishimura.